Who did it? in the Bible it was known as HaYam HaGadol “Great Sea”, Mediterranean

Posted By on August 21, 2015

Photo: Above: Point-source pollution comes from a single, well-defined place such as this pipe. Below: Nonpoint-source pollution comes from many sources.

Who did all that damage to the bottom of The Mediterranean Sea? It really matter. We need to know if we can correct, improve , and of course prevent any other damages.  Many years ago this did not exist, not so many like only 40 years ago counting now, but generations to come in the future hundreds of years, people possibly can’t touch the Mediterranean Sea water. Danger….Posted everywhere….Do not touch….Water is full of Radiation.

The Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea it is such an interesting, beautiful (and full of history) place.
It has been named in many different ways; In Greek,  Mesogeios  “middle earth”, the Romans called it Mare Nostrum  “Our Sea”, in the Bible  it was known as HaYam HaGadol  “Great Sea”, in Hebrew  HaYam HaTikhon “the Middle Sea”, in German Mittelmeer, in Arabic  it is known as al-Bahr al-Mutawassit “The White Middle Sea” and in Turkish  – Akdeniz  “the White Sea”. Word Mediterranean comes from the Latin “mare medi terra” which means “the sea in the middle of the land”; in fact it lies between the continents of Africa , Asia  and Europe .

Salty crisesLong time ago the Mediterranean was involved in the tectonic  collision of the African  and Eurasian  plates, which was a geodynamic  evolution for the Mediterranean Sea. As a result of those events, the Mediterranean dried up and the Messinian Salinity Crisis  occurred about 12 to 5 million years ago. The level of water was around 3km below sea level and that formed enormous deposits of salt at the bottom of the sea, in some places up to three kilometers thick.   The Mediterranean re-flooded again about 5 million years ago. It took 2 years to fill with water, when the Strait of Gibraltar reopened and the Atlantic Ocean poured through. The strength of the flow was stronger than the flow of the Amazon River.

The ancient mediterranean seaMany ancient civilizations over the centuries were located around its shores. The two most noteworthy were the Greek  and the Phoenicians . Many different cultures had access to the Mediterranean Sea and that led to many historical and cultural connections, between the ancient and modern societies, as the common sea provided routes for trade, colonization and war.


When the Western Roman Empire collapsed around AD 476, a powerful ‘Islam’ arose and the Arab Empire eventually controlled 75% of Mediterranean region.
In 497 BCE Darius I of Persia , built a canal, linking the Mediterranean to the Red Sea . Much later in the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire or Turkish Empire controlled much of the Mediterranean Sea, with powerful military bases in Southern France, Algeria and Tunisia.

Captain Barbarossa ottoman military officer

It was the time of a famous Captain – Barbarossa – one of the Ottoman military Officers in command. On 7th of October 1571, they were defeated by a European Holy league, arranged by Pope St. Pius V and that was the last battle of naval galleys in the Mediterranean Sea. The Barbary pirates  or Ottoman Pirates captured more than 1 million Europeans as slaves over the years, but they were released in August 1816 by the Anglo-Dutch fleet.


The Mediterranean Sea is situated between Europe to the north, Africa to the south, and Asia to the east.

It is connected to the Atlantic Ocean by the Strait of Gibraltar  and to the Marmara  Sea and the Black Sea , by the Dardanelles and the Bosporus . A 163 km long man-made Suez Canal  connects it to the Red Sea .
A shallow ridge between the island of Sicily  and the coast of Tunisia  divides the Mediterranean Sea into two main parts; the Western Mediterranean 0.85 million km² and the Eastern Mediterranean about 1.65 million km².

Calypso Deep Ionian SeasThe whole of the Med Sea covers an area of about 2,512,000 square km or about one percent of the Earth surface. From east to west 3860 km and a maximum width of 1600 km. The deepest point is 5,267m known as The Calypso Deep  in the Ionian Sea. On average it is 1500 m deep and this is the largest and deepest enclosed sea on Earth.

There are many seas in the Mediterranean Sea: Alboran Sea, (Torrox Costa – this is where we are), Balearic Sea , Ligurian Sea , Tyrrhenian Sea , Ionian Sea , Adriatic Sea , Aegean Sea  and some other names that have been in common use from the ancient times: Sea of Sardinia  as a part of Balearic Sea , Sea of Sicily , Thracian Sea , Myrtoan Sea, Sea of Crete , Icarian Sea , Cilician Sea , Levantine Sea .

Country Mediterranean border

Many countries have a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea:
Spain, France, Monaco, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, State of Palestine, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Malta, Cyprus, the British territory  of Gibraltar, the Spanish autonomous cities of Ceuta  and Melilla .

There is more than 3300  islands in the Mediterranean Sea, the largest of which are:  Sardinia, Corsica, Sicily, Cyprus, Crete, Euboea, Rhodes, Lesbos, Chios, Kefalonia, Corfu, Limnos, Samos, Naxos and Andros, Cres, Krk, Brac, Hvar, Pag, Korčula, Malta, Ibiza, Majorca, Minorca.

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